Task 2: Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty, while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment so it must be stopped. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Introduction: (1) refer to the first view (2) refer to the second view (3) my opinion -completely agree with the second view.
Paragraph 2: the first view – one main argument: progress and economic development is the only way to cure hunger and poverty, because the wealth from profits will find its way into the pockets of the poor. The argument made for imperialism.
Paragraph 3: the second view – many examples to support it. (1) Deforestation to produce cash crops for export (2) fossil fuels used for economic growth….global warming….sea level rise….homeless poor in Bangladesh.
Conclusion: economic growth which is not sustainable must be stopped.
Production for human need, not profits, is the way forward.
It is true that some people contend that economic growth is the only solution to the global problems of hunger and poverty. Others, however, argue for an end to economic growth in order to conserve our environment. I agree completely with this second view.
Those who see economic growth alone as the sole cure for the tragedy of world hunger and poverty propose one major argument. Only the growth of the economies of the developing countries will provide the poor with the wealth to afford the basic necessities of life. The profits made by corporations who are responsible for this economic growth will trickle down in the form of financial benefits to be enjoyed by the starving and needy. This view has justified the age of imperialism and the destruction of the livelihood of millions in the name of progress.
On the other hand, there are countless examples to support the opposing view that economic growth results in environmental destruction. Firstly, this is true for developing countries, where lowland rainforests have been cleared and unsustainable agricultural practices introduced to produce cash crops, often for export. Secondly, it is also true for
developed economies. For example, the continued use of fossil fuels, which provide the energy for growing industrialisation, is causing global warming. This is leading to a rise in sea levels, which will eventually make tens of millions of poor people in Bangladesh homeless.
In conclusion, economic growth which is not sustainable must be stopped. If it is not based on meeting human needs rather than generating profits, such growth will only create more poverty and lead to more hunger in the world by destroying natural resources.
• to contend [verb]:
Meaning: to say that something is true (especially in an argument)
Example: Although Brazil did not win the World Cup, my friend contends that they were the best team.
• tragedy [noun]:
Meaning: a very sad event or situation
Example: It is a tragedy that many children die of starvation in the world today.
• the basic necessities of life [expression]:
Meaning: the things which you must have in order to live and survive Example: Many people cannot afford the basic necessities of life, such as food and clothing.
• to trickle down [phrasal verb]:
Meaning: to spread money from rich people to poor people, through the economic system of a country
Example: Although the corporation made a lot of money last year, none of this trickled down to its employees.
• livelihood [noun]:
Meaning: means of earning money in order to live
Example: Communities on the island depend on fishing for their livelihood.
• in the name of [expression]:
Meaning: used to give a reason for doing something, often when what you are doing is wrong
Example: Many wars have been fought in the name of religion.
• countless [adjective]:
Meaning: very many (too many to be counted)
Example: I’ve told John countless times, but he still doesn’t remember my phone number.
• unsustainable [adjective]:
Meaning: that cannot be continued at the same rate or level
Example: The use of oil at the present rate is unsustainable – there are reserves
only for 20 or 30 more years.
• cash crops [noun]:
Meaning: crops grown for selling, not for use by the person who grows them Example: The best land in the country is using for growing cash crops like pineapples for export to Europe.
• to generate [verb]:
Meaning: to produce or create something
Example: In order to generate more electricity, the government is providing funding for wind farms.